Dog Spaying And Neutering 101

With any household pet spaying and neutering are a great way to stop any unwanted pregnancies. It is so important to spay or neuter your dog because shelters all over the world are full of unwanted dogs and cats.

What is Spaying/Neutering?

For most home dogs that live a healthy and event-free life, desexing will be a significant surgical procedure. Spaying and Neutering are major medical measures that require a high level of care and skill.

Spaying refers to the removal of a female dog’s reproductive organs while neutering refers to the same procedure in male dogs. When a female is spayed the procedure involves removal of her ovaries, fallopian tubes and uterus. This further renders the dog’s heat cycle thus eliminates the ability to reproduce. When a male dog is neutered, both his testicles and their associated structures are removed. Like for females, the male dogs are also further unable to reproduce which in turn eliminates their breeding instincts.

Pros And Cons


  • Your Dog May Live Longer
  • It can reduce the risk of cancer
  • Your Dog Will Be Much Better Behaved
  • No Unwanted Puppies
  • Your Dog Will Cleaner And Calmer


  • Weight Gain
  • Risks Associated With Anaesthesia
  • Hemangiosarcoma And Other Complications

Pros And Cons Of Neutering

  • Pro

  • Less Agression And Bad Behaviour
  • Prevents Certain Health Problems
  • Stops Overpopulation
  • Con

  • Hypothyroidism And Obesity
  • Dog Dementia And Bone Problems
  • Risks Associated With General Anesthesia

So we have looked at what spaying and neutering is and looked at the pros and cons of spaying and neutering so what about caring for your dog before and after their surgery


9 Care Tips for Before and After Your Pet is Spayed/Neutered

The first thing to consider is at what age you should have your pet spayed or neutered. The age can vary depending on breed and health of your pet. Getting your pet fixed before its first heat cycle can help prevent mammary tumors or breast cancer. Many animal shelters will fix pets prior to adoption, often between 8-12 weeks of age. This helps assure the animal will not reproduce but some veterinarians worry about the risk of urinary complications. It is best to discuss the appropriate age for your individual pet with your veterinarian, but a general guideline is between 12-20 weeks.

How to Prepare for Spay or Neuter Surgery

In the days before your pets surgery it is important to be sure you have everything to help them recover quickly and safely

1. Crate training: Activity should be restricted for several days after surgery. This often requires confining your pet to a crate when you are not with them. If your pet is not already used to being in a crate it is a good idea to introduce them to it prior to the surgery.

2. Create dog safe areas: You may also need to use gates to restrict your pets access to stairs or furniture following surgery.

3. No food and water:  Food and water are often withheld the night before the surgery to prevent vomiting and aspiration.


4. Be calm: Pets tend to feed off their owner’s emotions and if you are nervous your pet can sense that. When you bring your pet in for surgery do your best to be calm and reassuring. It will go a long way toward making your pet feel comfortable

Post Spay and Neuter Surgery Care

Most pets will stay at the hospital the night after they are spayed or neutered for observation. However, some pets may be allowed to go home that evening. Remember, your pet had a major surgery with anesthetic and they may be drowsy or may try to hide. This is when the crate can be very handy. Many owners feel it is cruel to confine the pet to a crate but in reality, dogs are den animals and the crate can feel like a safe spot to them. Whether your pet is released that night or the next day, be sure to discuss after care with your veterinarian and have an emergency number just in case.

1. Pain relief: Pets do feel pain but they often do not show pain in the same way that humans do. Your pet will probably be given an injection of pain medication at the hospital. You may also be given pain medication to take home and give your pet. At home pain medications are not always routine, for many reasons. We never want your pet to be in severe pain, but some pain can be used to help restrict activity. If you have surgery, your doctor will tell you to rest and not exert yourself. Unfortunately, in veterinary medicine, our patients do not follow that advice. It is not always advisable to remove pain to the point that the animal overdoes it and causes more severe problems. Again, this is something best discussed with your veterinarian and handled on a case-by-case basis.

2. Incisions and sutures: Another thing you need to watch following surgery is the incision line. Your pet may have external sutures that you can see, or they may have intradermal sutures that are under the skin. In either type you should watch the area for swelling, redness and heat. These can all be indicators of inflammation or infection. If any swelling occurs contact your local vet

3. Prevent Licking And Chewing

It is really important to prevent your pet form licking and chewing at the stitches. You may need to use the cone of shame also known as the Elizebethan collar to stop your pooch from irritating their incision 

4. Taking care of the wound: In some cases your veterinarian will utilize belly wraps, after-surgery wear, t-shirts and shorts to cover and protect the surgical site. The incision site should be kept clean and often a topical wound product may be applied to reduce inflammation and speed healing. products are ideal for post-surgical sites. They help jumpstart the healing process and soothe any irritation, reducing the chances of biting and licking. Your vet may send you home with a bottle of  Veterinary Formula. If not, you can easily purchase the over-the-counter formula online or at your local pet retailer.

5. Keeping your pet occupied: During the healing process your pet may be more focused on you and looking to you for comfort and reassurance. This can be a great time to do some quiet training, teach a new trick, and bond with your pet.

I hope this was helpful please comment a picture of your dog after he/she got fixed and feel free to ask any questions

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